Krystal Tips Mining


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Krystal Tips Mining
1985 Clearacre Lane
Reno, NV  89512

(775) 323-2862


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The Story of Quartz

Quartz (Sio2 or Silica) is the most common mineral found. This mineral occurs in virtually all colors (five varieties have specific gem names) and in a huge variety of forms. It is widespread and occurs in a variety of geologic environments. A crystal is a mass of crystalline material that is bonded by natural growth surfaces. The external shape of a crystal is called its habit. The general study of crystal forms is called crystalography.

The surfaces of a crystal do not have to be plane, shiny, and smooth. Several types might be an anhedral crystal (having no plane faces at all), subhedral crystal (having crude geometric shape or form), and euhedral crystal (bonded by plane faces). A crystal is a crystal because of the way its atoms are arranged. In a sense, the flat, smooth external faces of euhedral crystals are an “accident” of crystal growth.

One peak of the Petersen Mountain Range, spreading from Northern Nevada to California, is unique and a geological wonder. This area is referred to as Hallelujah Junction and is well known for world class quartz specimens including large elestial amethyst crystals and scepters.

A scepter crystal is recognized as a naturally formed crystal which, at the base, is penetrated by a rod; in actuality, the crystal formed around the rod. There are several theories describing the formation of scepter crystals. Exactly how scepters form isn’t all that well understood, but some scientists explain some of it with simple geometry. The silica molecules making up a quartz crystal are all empire builders and do their best to pull in any silica molecules that go floating by in the solution that surrounds a growing crystal. Under normal conditions of very slow growth, a wandering molecule is as likely to land in the middle of a crystal face as along an edge. The crystal then grows evenly, with no part experiencing an advantage. If, however, the solution has a super abundance of available molecules and allows the crystal to grow more rapidly, then the electrical charges that attract molecules out of solution stack the cards somewhat in favor of an edge. This is because an edge can take advantage of charges from the edge itself as well as from the two faces that meet to form the edge: the edges get to gorge themselves on silica molecules, while the middles of the faces become nutritionally challenged. The point of a quartz crystal is the spot where all of the lengthwise edges meet, so in rapid growth, the point has the greatest advantage. The knob of a scepter is in a sense a crystal point that has grabbed the lion’s share of the available silica for itself, virtually starving the rest of the crystal, which then becomes the scepter’s stem.

Another theory as quoted in an article in the Lapidary Journal (1/98) is as follows:

Scepters appear to be quartz crystals in which the rate of growth has increased at some time and resulted in a termination or crystal point that is unusually large because rapid growth favors crystals edges rather than faces, and the points have lots of edge. Other habits of crystals also owe their strange shapes to at least in part a change in growth rate, and bear some relationship to scepters. In some cases, including some scepters, growth becomes so rapid that even on the point nearly all of the growth is on the edges and very little is in the middle of the faces. The result is a sunken face habit that crystal growers call “hopper- growth”: there’s actually a depression in the crystal faces. The sunken faces of quartz crystals are occasionally sheeted over by a thin layer of quartz that traps whatever water or mud might have been around at the time. This type of crystal looks so much like a window the Europeans refer to it as Fenster Quartz, from das Fenster, the German word for window.

Even though there are at least 200-300 scepter localities around the world, few of them have produced scepters in any notable number. Even at these most favored localities, finding a good scepter is cause for jubilation – nature simply does not produce many scepters.

The metaphysical properties of a scepter can be described best by Melody, who stated (1995,532) that scepter crystals “were used in Atlantis and Lemuria in healing ceremonies and were a symbol of the power of the realm; those who carried or wore a scepter crystal were in the position of high priest/priestess”.

At localities such as Hallelujah (Petersen Peak, Nevada), scepters and elestials are both found in the pockets.

Raphaell apparently introduced the term elestial (1987, 129-133), to refer to crystals that have grown rapidly under conditions of strong super saturation resulting in extremely sunken faces and raised edges. As she correctly points out, such crystals are also known as skeletal crystals. It is more than a little ironic that although the scientific and metaphysical communities share the term scepter, the term elestial is not recognized by the scientific world but seems to have come into general use by collectors via the metaphysical world.

As stated by Melody, the elestial crystals are unlike any other quartz configuration. They are naturally terminated over the body of the crystal, generally having no dulled or broken faces. This allows for an incredible radiance as light reflects off of all of the natural faces. Unlike regular quartz, the elestial crystals may have several terminated points on a single piece or may be a single terminated piece or may have no terminated apexes. The most distinguishing characteristic of these crystals is the fact that they are etched and layered with markings. Bringing into skeletal form the entirety of primal life stuff, the elestials bear geometric patterns and constructs which in and of themselves state profound laws of the universe. It is as if the symbols of a cosmic alphabet have been written and formed in these crystals. Because the elestial crystals originate in realms unaffected by human emotion, they can be great teachers in assisting us to understand the true nature of our feelings and stabilize our natural expression of them.

Our thanks to Si and Ann Frazier who were kind enough to visit our mine site and wrote an article in the Lapidary Journal, 1/98, from which much of this information has been extracted.